A Comprehensive Guide to Portugal’s Real Estate Tax for New Owners


Are you considering buying property in Portugal? It’s essential to understand the various taxes and costs associated with real estate transactions in the country. Portugal has specific tax regulations that apply to property purchases, and being aware of them will help you navigate the process smoothly. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll break down the taxes and costs you need to consider when buying property in Portugal.

Real estate agent providing advice to a client in Portugal

Property Purchase Tax (IMT)

One of the primary taxes to be aware of is the Property Purchase Tax, known as IMT (Imposto Municipal sobre Transmissões Onerosas de Imóveis). This transfer tax is based on the purchase price of the property and can range up to 8% depending on the property’s location and type. It’s important to factor in this tax when budgeting for your property purchase in Portugal.

Stamp Duty Tax

In addition to the Property Purchase Tax, buyers in Portugal are responsible for paying Stamp Duty Tax. This tax is charged on the highest value of the property and typically amounts to 0.8%. The Stamp Duty Tax is a significant cost to consider when calculating the overall expenses of your property purchase.

Notary and Registration Fees

When purchasing a property in Portugal, you’ll also incur Notary and Registration Fees. These fees are associated with registering the purchase of the property at the Land Registry Office. It’s crucial to complete the registration process as it signifies the official transfer of ownership. The specific fees can vary, so it’s advisable to consult with a professional to ensure you have an accurate estimate.

Immovable Property Tax (IMI)

As a property owner in Portugal, you’ll be subject to the Immovable Property Tax (IMI). This annual tax is calculated based on the value of the property and varies depending on the property’s location and value. It’s important to note that IMI rates can differ significantly from one municipality to another. Therefore, it’s crucial to research the applicable rates in your specific area.

Tax on Stamps (IS)

The Tax on Stamps, also known as Imposto do Selo (IS), is another tax associated with property transactions in Portugal. This tax is charged on the official registration of the sale of the property. The specific rate can vary depending on the circumstances, so it’s advisable to consult with a professional to determine the exact amount you’ll be required to pay.

Capital Gains Tax

If you plan to sell your property in Portugal, you’ll need to consider Capital Gains Tax. This tax applies to both residents and non-residents and is due whenever a homeowner sells a property. For non-residents, the capital gains tax rate is 28%, while for residents, it’s 25%. It’s crucial to factor in this tax when considering the potential profits from selling your property in the future.

Seeking Professional Advice

Navigating the intricacies of Portugal’s real estate tax system can be complex. To ensure you have a smooth and successful property purchase, it’s highly recommended to seek the advice of professionals. Real estate agents, lawyers, and government officials experienced in Portuguese real estate tax laws can provide valuable guidance and help you make informed decisions throughout the process.


Buying property in Portugal comes with its share of taxes and costs that every new owner should be aware of. The Property Purchase Tax (IMT), Stamp Duty Tax, Notary and Registration Fees, Immovable Property Tax (IMI), Tax on Stamps (IS), and Capital Gains Tax are some of the key taxes you’ll encounter. By understanding these taxes and seeking professional advice, you can navigate the Portuguese real estate market with confidence and make informed financial decisions. Remember, being well-informed is the key to a successful property purchase in Portugal.